Ethics and Philosophy for Midwives

These ICM Core Documents set out the midwife’s ethical mandates in achieving the aims and objectives of ICM (International Code of Ethics for Midwives); and the philosophy and model of care a midwife offers (Philosophy and Model of Midwifery Care) according to the ICM International Definition of a Midwife. All are unique to ICM but applicable at global level.  

YML midwife

Photo credit: Sandra Rumi, YML Bangladesh

The International Code of Ethics for Midwives

The aim of the International Confederation of Midwives (ICM) is to improve the standard of care provided to women, babies and families throughout the world through the development, education and appropriate utilization of the professional midwife. In keeping with this aim, the ICM sets forth the following code to guide the education, practice and research of the midwife. This code acknowledges women as persons with human rights, seeks justice for all people and equity in access to health care, and is based on mutual relationships of respect and trust, and the dignity of all members of society.

The code addresses the midwife’s ethical mandates in achieving the aims and objectives of the ICM concerned with how midwives relate to others; how they practise midwifery; how they uphold professional responsibilities and duties; and how they are to work to assure the integrity of the profession of midwifery. Read the ICM International Code of Ethics here.

The Philosophy and Model of Midwifery Care

Member associations can use this document as a guide in the education of midwives, organisation of midwifery care, supportive supervision of midwives and evaluation of care. It can also be used to guide the relationship between the midwife and the client. Member associations can share the statement with other health professions and governments during the development of regulations and legislation of midwifery practice. Read the Philosophy and Model of Midwifery Care here.

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ICM Triennial Report


32nd ICM Triennial Congress 2020 - Bali, Indonesia 21-25 June


ICM Strategy 2017-2020